Action Type

An action performed by a direct agent and indirect participants upon a direct object. Optionally happens at a location with the help of an inanimate instrument. The execution of the action may produce a result. Specific action sub-type documentation specifies the exact expectation of each argument/role.\n\nSee also blog post and Actions overview document.

Own Properties
Properties of @d/ActionExpected TypeDescription
@schema/action­Status

Indicates the current disposition of the Action.

@schema/agent or 

The direct performer or driver of the action (animate or inanimate). e.g. John wrote a book.

@schema/end­Time or 

The endTime of something. For a reserved event or service (e.g. FoodEstablishmentReservation), the time that it is expected to end. For actions that span a period of time, when the action was performed. e.g. John wrote a book from January to December. For media, including audio and video, it's the time offset of the end of a clip within a larger file.\n\nNote that Event uses startDate/endDate instead of startTime/endTime, even when describing dates with times. This situation may be clarified in future revisions.

@schema/error

For failed actions, more information on the cause of the failure.

@schema/instrument

The object that helped the agent perform the action. e.g. John wrote a book with a pen.

@schema/location or 

The location of, for example, where an event is happening, where an organization is located, or where an action takes place.

@schema/object

The object upon which the action is carried out, whose state is kept intact or changed. Also known as the semantic roles patient, affected or undergoer (which change their state) or theme (which doesn't). e.g. John read a book.

@schema/participant or 

Other co-agents that participated in the action indirectly. e.g. John wrote a book with Steve.

@schema/result

The result produced in the action. e.g. John wrote a book.

@schema/start­Time or 

The startTime of something. For a reserved event or service (e.g. FoodEstablishmentReservation), the time that it is expected to start. For actions that span a period of time, when the action was performed. e.g. John wrote a book from January to December. For media, including audio and video, it's the time offset of the start of a clip within a larger file.\n\nNote that Event uses startDate/endDate instead of startTime/endTime, even when describing dates with times. This situation may be clarified in future revisions.

@schema/target

Indicates a target EntryPoint for an Action.

Inherited Properties
Properties inherited from @schema/ThingExpected TypeDescription
@schema/additional­Type

An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.

@schema/alternate­Name

An alias for the item.

@schema/description

A description of the item.

@schema/disambiguating­Description

A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.

@schema/identifier or 

The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of [[Thing]], such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.

@schema/image or 

An image of the item. This can be a [[URL]] or a fully described [[ImageObject]].

@schema/main­Entity­Of­Page or 

Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.

@schema/name

The name of the item.

@schema/potential­Action

Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.

@schema/same­As

URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.

@schema/subject­Of or 

A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing.

@schema/url

URL of the item.