• Thing

Action Schema

An action performed by a direct agent and indirect participants upon a direct object...

Properties
Properties of ActionExpected TypeDescription
end­Time  or The end­Time of something. For a reserved event or service (e.g. Food­Establishment­Reservation), the time that it is expected to end. For actions that span a period of time, when the action was performed. e.g. John wrote a book from January to December. For media, including audio and video, it's the time offset of the end of a clip within a larger file.

Note that Event uses start­Date/end­Date instead of start­Time/end­Time, even when describing dates with times. This situation may be clarified in future revisions.
error For failed actions, more information on the cause of the failure.
instrument The object that helped the agent perform the action. e.g. John wrote a book with a pen.
object The object upon which the action is carried out, whose state is kept intact or changed. Also known as the semantic roles patient, affected or undergoer (which change their state) or theme (which doesn't). e.g. John read a book.
result The result produced in the action. e.g. John wrote a book.
start­Time  or The start­Time of something. For a reserved event or service (e.g. Food­Establishment­Reservation), the time that it is expected to start. For actions that span a period of time, when the action was performed. e.g. John wrote a book from January to December. For media, including audio and video, it's the time offset of the start of a clip within a larger file.

Note that Event uses start­Date/end­Date instead of start­Time/end­Time, even when describing dates with times. This situation may be clarified in future revisions.
Properties inherited from ThingExpected TypeDescription
additional­Type An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternate­Name An alias for the item.
description A description of the item.
disambiguating­Description A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier  or The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes  for more details.
image  or An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described Image­Object.
main­Entity­Of­Page  or Indicates a page (or other Creative­Work) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes  for details.
name The name of the item.
potential­Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
same­As URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subject­Of  or A Creative­Work or Event about this Thing.
url URL of the item.